DIABETES AND WEIGHT LOSS

 

Weight control is very important in the prevention and treatment of diabetes. It is person is overweight, then he is at great risk for developing type 2 diabetes. But if a person who already has type 2 diabetes gains weight, then it will be even harder for him or her to control his or her blood sugar level. Hence, it has been noted that diabetes can influence a person’s weight. As, the untreated type –1 diabetes can make people lose weight. The child suffering from Type-1 diabetes, can lose weight, despite having a normal or increased appetite. Child suffering from Type-1 diabetes, if treated properly, then has or her weight usually returns to normal. Kids with type-1 diabetes may became overweight only if they do not maintain healthy eating and exercise habits. When kids with diabetes reach and maintain a healthy weight, they feel better and have more energy.

The main Causes of overweight or obesity is overeating. Some people with diabetes eat too many snacks. Many person’s use to have intake of calories beyond the body’s energy requirement. There are certain psychological reasons also which lead to obesity. If the person remains unhappy, lonely, unloved bored, etc. then he/she tends to overeat as eating is pleasurable to him.

Increased weight of an individual may also occur if the person is suffering from disturbances of the thyroid or pituitary glands. Some persons eat too many candy or sweets that leads to elevated blood sugar levels. So the diabetic patient increases the dose of insulin to compensate for the raised blood glucose level. Hence, this cycle leads to excessive weight gain.

Last, but not the least we can say that by controlling weight, one can get relief from some symptoms of diabetes.

Nowadays, the society is getting to be more weight conscious. We life in a culture ruled by skinning models, whilst the media displays only beautiful people on the road to success. Losing weight and keeping it off is a real challenge for most people. That is why it is important to begin a weight loss program with the help of the health care them including a dietitian. Dietian will help decrease calories and will help the patient to consume food that he will enjoy. It is important to remember that losing even a relatively small amount of weight can make a real improvement in reducing the risk for diabetes and other serious conditions. Hence, we can say that by controlling, weight, the blood sugar level is lowered and finally diabetes is maintained under proper control.

Ideal Height/Weight Ratio

The only reason to treat overweight arises from its health complications. To manage overweight we must be able to measure and define it in terms of relative health risk. Traditionally “ideal height-weight” chart have been used. They often present people with an unrealistic and unattainable picture of their ideal weight and give no indication of what can be achieved in health terms by small degrees of weight loss. The main measure of success in weight management remains “scale weight”. For egr in women above the age of 25 years. It is women is of height 4 feet 10 inches then the weight should lie in between 43.5 and 48.5 kg. It women is of height 4 feet 11 inches then her weight should lie in between 44.5-49.9 kg. If the women is 5 feet height then the ideal weight should be in between 45.8-51.3 kg. For 5 feet 1 inch women, the weight should be in the range of 47.2 –52.6 kg. Likewise, it goes on, the weight of the individual should be according to his/her height. In case of men, also weight should be according to the height of an individual.

Body Mass Index

Healthy experts have known for years that body composition is a better measure of health and fitness than body weight.]

Body Mass Index is recognized as the earliest and best way to determine the optimum body weight and to assess the risks associated accounts for differences in body composition by defining the level of adiposity according to the relationship of weight to height, thus eliminating dependence on frame size. The BMI can be calculated by using the following formula-

BMI = Weight (in kilograms)

________________

Height (in metres)

This index has the best correlation with body fatness for adults and allows the definition of underweight, normal weight, overweight and obesity.

BMI CLASSIFICATION

< 19 Underweight

19-25 Normal weight

Overweight

30+ Obese

Remember that there is natural increase in BMI with age and that males tend to have a higher BMI than females. BMI is, and remains, the gold standards for diagnosing obesity.

Determination of whether the weight is healthy-

  • If the person’s BMI is in the range of 19-24.9, then it is considered to be healthy weight.
  • If the person’s BMI is in the range of 25-29.9 then he/she is considered to be overweight and may show moderate health risks.
  • If the person’s BMI is 30+ then he is considered to be obese. Obesity is associated with increased risk of cancer, heart diseases and other health problems.
  • If the person’s BMI is 35+ and have a waist size of over 40 inches (men) and 35 inches (women) then he/she is considered to be at especially high risk for health problems.
  • If the person’s BMI is 40+ then he is considered to be seriously obese and is at a very serious risk of health problems.

In addition to the BMI measurement, other important factors in determining the person’s decision to lose weight are-

  • A family history of weight related illness. For egr Diabetes or high blood pressure.
  • If a person have gained weight since school/college days.
  • Whether a person smokes, drink alcohol and live with stress.