DIABETES SYMPTOMS

 

In Type 1 Diabetes, the more serious form of the disease, the symptoms may occur suddenly (within weeks or months). Type 2 Diabetes, has a slow onset i.e. take years for the symptoms to appear. It is frequently diagnosed in asymptomatic patients during a routine medical examination or when patients present with clinical manifestations of a late complication. So, millions of people don not even know they have it. They may just feel it in the beginning, and then later may show the symptoms. Diabetic symptoms are no always the same for everyone. Person must see the doctor regularly for check up and discussion about his risk for diabetes is the key to stay healthy.

The early symptoms of untreated diabetes are the raised blood sugar levels. This high glucose in the blood is extracted by the kidney but this requires water to carry it and this causes increased fluid loss, which must be replaced. The lost blood value is chiefly replaced form the water which is present inside the body cells, leading to dehydration.

Diabetes Symtoms:

In Type 1 Diabetes, the more serious form of the disease, the symptoms may occur suddenly (within weeks or months). Type 2 Diabetes, has a slow onset i.e. take years for the symptoms to appear. It is frequently diagnosed in asymptomatic patients during a routine medical examination or when patients present with clinical manifestations of a late complication. So, millions of people do not even know they have it. They may just feel it in the beginning, and then later may show the symptoms. Diabetic symptoms are no always the same for everyone. Person must see the doctor regularly for check up and discussion about his risk for diabetes is the key to stay healthy.

The early symptoms of untreated diabetes are the raised blood sugar levels. This high glucose in the blood is extracted by the kidney but this requires water to carry it and this causes increased fluid loss, which must be replaced. The lost blood value is chiefly replaced form the water which is present inside the body cells, leading to dehydration.

Thus the main symptoms are:-

Increased urine output known as Polyuria. A patient of diabetes passes large quantities of urine several times a day. There is a frequent urge at night to empty the bladder.

Patient feeds unusually thirsty known as Poldypsia, because the body needs to replace the lost fluid. Patient drinks large quantities of water at short intervals.

As the patient is unable to utilize ingested carbohydrates and synthesize energy, so it leads to fatigue (tiredness). Their stamina for physical work is lowered. They look pale and also suffer from anaemia. The patients also feel excessive hunger known as polyphagia. They eat large meals at frequent intervals. Despite of large meals, there is continual loss of weight and strength.

In women suffering from Type 2 Diabetes mellitus with symptomatic hyperglycemia is frequently associated with itching due to vaginal candidiasis. In order to get rid off, they scratch so much, that bleeding may occur. Hyperglycemia may also lead to various opportunistic fungal and bacterial infections.

Individuals with diabetes may develop skin sores that are very poor in healing. There is also slow healing of cuts or wounds.

Diabetes patients may experience numbness in hand and feet. Feet must be well protected from injuries and burns.

Lethargy is often seemed in patients suffering from diabetes. They feel dull and run away from work. They are mostly seen in a depressive mood. They are emotionally disturbed. They develop irritability. Patient may also feel drowsiness.

A rapid, deep breathing, known as “kussmaul breathing” may also be noted.

There may be smell of acetone in the patient’s breath (a sign of ketoacidosis), a severely dangerous condition.

Fluctuations in blood glucose levels can lead to altered vision. In them prolonged high blood glucose causes changes in the shape of the lens in the eye, leading to blurred vision. So, regular visit to ophalmologist is necessary. All unexplained quick changes in eyesight should force as fasting blood glucose test. There are nowadays quick inexpensive and can be safely performed.

Some untreated diabetes patients also complain of Nausea and vomiting.

Diabetes may show diseases of the oral cavity, like dryness and burning sensation in the mouth. Dryness result from decreased salivation, leads to various bacterial or fungal infections in the mouth. There may be severe periodontitis i.e. swollen and inflamed gums leading to loosening of teeth. Even denture wearing patients may experience loosening of their dentures due to periodontal problems.

Diabetic patients suffer from pain in all over the body i.e. legs, feet, arms, hands, etc. Headaches are very common. The pains are mainly due to nerve damage caused by high blood glucose level.

 

It is necessary that someone with these symptoms receives immediate treatment. If the victim does not receive attention immediately, he or she may go into a state of “diabetic coma” which produces unconsciousness and ultimately lead to death.