Diabetes mellitus, commonly known as diabetes, is the most dreaded disease, second only to AIDS, in global health today. It is a medical condition associated with abnormally high levels of glucose or sugar in the blood. The high blood sugar level is mainly due to the failure of the body to produce and utilize the hormone insulin.

The main function of insulin is to convert sugar, starches and other food into energy needed for daily life. When its production is reduced in the body it cannot control the blood glucose levels and it also cannot stimulate the body to make use of glucose.

Generally, two main types of diabetes have been recognized, i.e., type 1 and type 2. Type 1 diabetes, also known as insulin-dependent diabetes, is characterized by the loss of insulin-producing islet cells of the pancreas. It usually begins in childhood or adolescence.

In type 2 diabetes, or non-insulin dependent diabetes, patients can still produce insulin, but they do not produce enough and their bodies cannot use it properly. Type 2 diabetes is quite common, comprising 90% or more of cases of diabetes in many populations.
Another form of diabetes, called gestational diabetes, develops during pregnancy and may improve or disappear after delivery.

Diabetes is a metabolic disease and a life-long chronic condition which requires proper medical diagnosis, treatment and lifestyle changes. The principal treatment of type 1 diabetes is replacement of insulin and careful monitoring of blood glucose levels. Proper exercise and healthy diet are also advised.

Treatment of type 2 diabetes requires changes in physical activity, low carbohydrate diet and weight reduction measures. The next step, if required, is treatment with oral anti-diabetic drugs.

Although there is currently no cure for diabetes, diabetes can be controlled successfully with an active treatment plan. Several anti-diabetes drugs are available for the treatment of type 2 diabetes.

Actos is an insulin sensitizer for treating people with type 2 diabetes. Actos helps control blood sugar by making the body more sensitive to insulin. When you take Actos, your body's insulin becomes stronger and more effective. Combining Actos and drugs in the sulfonylurea class such as glyburide or Diabeta, metformin or Glucophage, and insulin has proven effective.

Metformin works by controlling your liver from producing too much glucose. However, metformin may result terrible stomach cramps and diarrhea if you take too high a dose too soon. If you take the dose slowly, these side effects can be reduced.

It must be mentioned here that diabetes is a life-long medical condition, so proper care should be taken with regard to the type of food you eat and the lifestyle that you maintain. So, treat diabetes by making changes in your diet and increasing the level of physical activity.

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